And seeing the multitudes, He went up on a mountain, and when He was seated His disciples came to Him. Then He opened His mouth and taught them, saying… – Matthew 5: 1-2 Among the
For though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you again the first principles of the oracles of God; and you have come to need milk and not solid food. (Hebrews
Suppose you are strapped for cash and you decide to pawn your favorite diamond ring. The way the pawn shop process works (so they tell me) is that you take in your ring. The pawn
“The words of the days, (1 Kings 14:19; 1 Chr. 27:24), the daily” or yearly records of the transactions of the kingdom; events recorded in the order of time.
The two books were originally one. They bore the title in the “Massoretic Hebrew Dibre hayyamim, i.e., “Acts of the Days.” This” “title was rendered by Jerome in his Latin version “Chronicon,” “and hence “Chronicles.” In the Septuagint version the book is” “divided into two, and bears the title Paraleipomena, i.e.,” “things omitted, or “supplements”, because containing many” things omitted in the Books of Kings. “The contents of these books are comprehended under four heads. (1.) The first nine chapters of Book I. contain little more than a list of genealogies in the line of Israel down to the time of David. (2.) The remainder of the first book contains a history of the reign of David. (3.) The first nine chapters of Book II. contain the history of the reign of Solomon. (4.) The remaining chapters of the second book contain the history of the separate kingdom of Judah to the time of the return from Babylonian Exile. “The time of the composition of the Chronicles was, there is “every ground to conclude, subsequent to the Babylonian Exile,” probably between 450 and 435 B.C. The contents of this twofold “book, both as to matter and form, correspond closely with this” idea. The close of the book records the proclamation of Cyrus “permitting the Jews to return to their own land, and this forms” “the opening passage of the Book of Ezra, which must be viewed as” a continuation of the Chronicles. The peculiar form of the “language, being Aramaean in its general character, harmonizes” also with that of the books which were written after the Exile. “The author was certainly contemporary with Zerubbabel, details” of whose family history are given (1 Chr. 3:19). “The time of the composition being determined, the question of the authorship may be more easily decided. According to Jewish “tradition, which was universally received down to the middle of” “the seventeenth century, Ezra was regarded as the author of the” Chronicles. There are many points of resemblance and of contact between the Chronicles and the Book of Ezra which seem to confirm this opinion. The conclusion of the one and the beginning of the other are almost identical in expression. In “their spirit and characteristics they are the same, showing thus” also an identity of authorship. “In their general scope and design these books are not so much historical as didactic. The principal aim of the writer appears to be to present moral and religious truth. He does not give “prominence to political occurences, as is done in Samuel and” “Kings, but to ecclesiastical institutions. “The genealogies, so” “uninteresting to most modern readers, were really an important” part of the public records of the Hebrew state. They were the “basis on which not only the land was distributed and held, but” “the public services of the temple were arranged and conducted,” “the Levites and their descendants alone, as is well known, being” “entitled and first fruits set apart for that purpose.” The” Chronicles are an epitome of the sacred history from the days “of Adam down to the return from Babylonian Exile, a period of” “about 3,500 years. The writer gathers up “the threads of the old” “national life broken by the Captivity.” “The sources whence the chronicler compiled his work were public “records, registers, and genealogical tables belonging to the” Jews. These are referred to in the course of the book (1 Chr. 27:24; 29:29; 2 Chr. 9:29; 12:15; 13:22; 20:34; 24:27; 26:22; “32:32; 33:18, 19; 27:7; 35:25). There are in Chronicles, and the” “books of Samuel and Kings, forty parallels, often verbal,” proving that the writer both knew and used these records (1 Chr. “17:18; comp. 2 Sam. 7:18-20; 1 Chr. 19; comp. 2 Sam. 10, etc.).” “As compared with Samuel and Kings, the Book of Chronicles omits “many particulars there recorded (2 Sam. 6:20-23; 9; 11; 14-19,” “etc.), and includes many things peculiar to itself (1 Chr. 12;” “22; 23-26; 27; 28; 29, etc.). Twenty whole chapters, and” “twenty-four parts of chapters, are occupied with matter not” “found elsewhere. It also records many things in fuller detail,” “as (e.g.) the list of David’s heroes (1 Chr. 12:1-37), the” removal of the ark from Kirjath-jearim to Mount Zion (1 Chr. 13; “15:2-24; 16:4-43; comp. 2 Sam. 6), Uzziah’s leprosy and its” “cause (2 Chr. 26:16-21; comp. 2 Kings 15:5), etc.” “It has also been observed that another peculiarity of the book is that it substitutes modern and more common expressions for those that had then become unusual or obsolete. This is seen “particularly in the substitution of modern names of places, such” “as were in use in the writer’s day, for the old names; thus” “Gezer (1 Chr. 20:4) is used instead of Gob (2 Sam. 21:18), etc.” “The Books of Chronicles are ranked among the khethubim or “hagiographa. They are alluded to, though not directly quoted, in” the New Testament (Heb. 5:4; Matt. 12:42; 23:35; Luke 1:5; “11:31, 51).”
(1 Chr. 27:24) were statistical state records; one of the public sources from which the compiler of the Books of Chronicles derived information on various public matters.
Posted by webmaster on Thursday, October 26th, 2017 @ 12:05PM