The Jews were commanded to write the divine name on the posts “(mezuzoth’) of their doors (Deut. 6:9). The Jews,” “misunderstanding this injunction, adopted the custom of writing” “on a slip of parchment these verses (Deut. 6:4-9, and 11:13-21),” which they enclosed in a reed or cylinder and fixed on the right-hand door-post of every room in the house.

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