“(1.) Chald. attun, a large furnace with a wide open mouth, at” “the top of which materials were cast in (Dan. 3:22, 23; comp.” “Jer. 29:22). This furnace would be in constant requisition, for” “the Babylonians disposed of their dead by cremation, as did also” the Accadians who invaded Mesopotamia. “(2.) Heb. kibshan, a smelting furnace (Gen. 19:28), also a lime-kiln (Isa. 33:12; Amos 2:1). “(3.) Heb. kur, a refining furnace (Prov. 17:3; 27:21; Ezek. 22:18). “(4.) Heb. alil, a crucible; only used in Ps. 12:6. “(5.) Heb. tannur, oven for baking bread (Gen. 15:17; Isa. 31:9; “Neh. 3:11). It was a large pot, narrowing towards the top. When” “it was heated by a fire made within, the dough was spread over” “the heated surface, and thus was baked. “A smoking furnace and a” “burning lamp” (Gen. 15:17), the symbol of the presence of the” “Almighty, passed between the divided pieces of Abraham’s” sacrifice in ratification of the covenant God made with him. (See OVEN.) “(6.) Gr. kamnos, a furnace, kiln, or oven (Matt. 13:42, 50; Rev. 1:15; 9:2).

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