“(1.) Heb. hatsabh. Job 19:24, rendered “graven,” but generally” “means hewn stone or wood, in quarry or forest.” “(2.) Heb. harush. Jer. 17:1, rendered “graven,” and indicates “generally artistic work in metal, wood, and stone, effected by” fine instruments. “(3.) Heb. haqaq. Ezek. 4:1, engraving a plan or map, rendered “pourtray; Job 19:23, “written.” “(4.) Heb. pasal points rather to the sculptor’s or the carver’s art (Isa. 30:22; 40:19; 41:7; 44:12-15). “(5.) Pathah refers to intaglio work, the cutting and engraving “of precious stones (Ex. 28:9-11, 21; Zech. 3:9; Cant. 1:10, 11).” “(6.) Heret. In Ex. 32:4 rendered “graving tool;” and in Isa. “8:1, “a pen.”

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