“His excellence, or gain, a prince or priest of Midian, who” succeeded his father Reuel. Moses spent forty years after his exile from the Egyptian court as keeper of Jethro’s flocks. “While the Israelites were encamped at Sinai, and soon after” “their victory over Amalek, Jethro came to meet Moses, bringing” “with him Zipporah and her two sons. They met at the “mount of” “God,” and “Moses told him all that the Lord had done unto” “Pharaoh” (Ex. 18:8). On the following day Jethro, observing the” “multiplicity of the duties devolving on Moses, advised him to” “appoint subordinate judges, rulers of thousands, of hundreds, of” “fifties, and of tens, to decide smaller matters, leaving only” “the weightier matters to be referred to Moses, to be laid before” the Lord. This advice Moses adopted (Ex. 18). He was also called “Hobab (q.v.), which was probably his personal name, while Jethro” was an official name. (See MOSES.)

Definition of Jethro: “his excellence; his posterity”

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