The principal deity of the ancient Greeks and Romans. He was worshipped by them under various epithets. Barnabas was “identified with this god by the Lycaonians (Acts 14:12), because” “he was of stately and commanding presence, as they supposed” Jupiter to be. There was a temple dedicated to this god outside the gates of Lystra (14:13).

Definition of Jupiter: “the father that helpeth”

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