Lord

There are various Hebrew and Greek words so rendered. “(1.) Heb. Jehovah, has been rendered in the English Bible LORD, printed in small capitals. This is the proper name of the God of “the Hebrews. The form “Jehovah” is retained only in Ex. 6:3; Ps.” “83:18; Isa. 12:2; 26:4, both in the Authorized and the Revised” Version. “(2.) Heb. `adon, means one possessed of absolute control. It “denotes a master, as of slaves (Gen. 24:14, 27), or a ruler of” “his subjects (45:8), or a husband, as lord of his wife (18:12).” “The old plural form of this Hebrew word is ‘adonai. From a “superstitious reverence for the name “Jehovah,” the Jews, in” “reading their Scriptures, whenever that name occurred, always” pronounced it ‘Adonai. “(3.) Greek kurios, a supreme master, etc. In the LXX. this is “invariably used for “Jehovah” and “`Adonai.” “(4.) Heb. ba’al, a master, as having domination. This word is “applied to human relations, as that of husband, to persons” “skilled in some art or profession, and to heathen deities. “The” “men of Shechem,” literally “the baals of Shechem” (Judg. 9:2,” 3). These were the Israelite inhabitants who had reduced the Canaanites to a condition of vassalage (Josh. 16:10; 17:13). “(5.) Heb. seren, applied exclusively to the “lords of the “Philistines” (Judg. 3:3). The LXX. render it by satrapies. At” “this period the Philistines were not, as at a later period (1” “Sam. 21:10), under a kingly government. (See Josh. 13:3; 1 Sam.” “6:18.) There were five such lordships, viz., Gath, Ashdod, Gaza,” “Ashkelon, and Ekron.”

“Only once, in Rev. 1:10, was in the early Christian ages used to” “denote the first day of the week, which commemorated the Lord’s” resurrection. There is every reason to conclude that John thus used the name. (See [361]SABBATH.)

The name given to the only form of prayer Christ taught his disciples (Matt. 6:9-13). The closing doxology of the prayer is “omitted by Luke (11:2-4), also in the R.V. of Matt. 6:13. This” “prayer contains no allusion to the atonement of Christ, nor to” “the offices of the Holy Spirit. “All Christian prayer is based” “on the Lord’s Prayer, but its spirit is also guided by that of” His prayer in Gethsemane and of the prayer recorded John 17. The Lord’s Prayer is the comprehensive type of the simplest and most “universal prayer.”

“(1 Cor. 11:20), called also “the Lord’s table” (10:21),” “communion, “cup of blessing” (10:16), and “breaking of bread” (Acts 2:42). “In the early Church it was called also “eucharist,” or giving of “thanks (comp. Matt. 26:27), and generally by the Latin Church” “mass, a name derived from the formula of dismission, Ite,” “missa est, i.e., “Go, it is discharged.” “The account of the institution of this ordinance is given in “Matt. 26:26-29, Mark 14:22-25, Luke 22:19, 20, and 1 Cor.” 11:24-26. It is not mentioned by John. “It was designed, (1.) To commemorate the death of Christ: “This “do in remembrance of me.” (2.) To signify, seal, and apply to” believers all the benefits of the new covenant. In this “ordinance Christ ratifies his promises to his people, and they” on their part solemnly consecrate themselves to him and to his entire service. (3.) To be a badge of the Christian profession. (4.) To indicate and to promote the communion of believers with Christ. (5.) To represent the mutual communion of believers with each other. “The elements used to represent Christ’s body and blood are bread “and wine. The kind of bread, whether leavened or unleavened, is” not specified. Christ used unleavened bread simply because it “was at that moment on the paschal table. Wine, and no other” “liquid, is to be used (Matt. 26:26-29). Believers “feed” on” “Christ’s body and blood, (1) not with the mouth in any manner,” “but (2) by the soul alone, and (3) by faith, which is the mouth” or hand of the soul. This they do (4) by the power of the Holy “Ghost. This “feeding” on Christ, however, takes place not in the” “Lord’s Supper alone, but whenever faith in him is exercised.” “This is a permanent ordinance in the Church of Christ, and is to “be observed “till he come” again.”

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