Palestine is a hilly country (Deut. 3:25; 11:11; Ezek. 34:13). West of Jordan the mountains stretch from Lebanon far down into “Galilee, terminating in Carmel. The isolated peak of Tabor rises” “from the elevated plain of Esdraelon, which, in the south, is” shut in by hills spreading over the greater part of Samaria. The mountains of Western and Middle Palestine do not extend to the “sea, but gently slope into plains, and toward the Jordan fall” down into the Ghor. “East of the Jordan the Anti-Lebanon, stretching south, “terminates in the hilly district called Jebel Heish, which” reaches down to the Sea of Gennesareth. South of the river “Hieromax there is again a succession of hills, which are” traversed by wadies running toward the Jordan. These gradually “descend to a level at the river Arnon, which was the boundary of” the ancient trans-Jordanic territory toward the south. “The composition of the Palestinian hills is limestone, with “occasional strata of chalk, and hence the numerous caves, some” “of large extent, found there.”


“(2 Kings 23:13; Vulg., “mount of offence”), the name given to a” “part of the Mount of Olives, so called because idol temples were” “there erected in the time of Solomon, temples to the Zidonian” “Ashtoreth and to the “abominations” of Moab and Ammon.”

“A place near Pirathon (q.v.), in the tribe of Ephraim (Judg.” 12:15).

The range of hills which rises abruptly in the wilderness of “et-Tih (“the wandering”), mentioned Deut. 1:19, 20, “that great” “and terrible wilderness.”

“Only in Isa. 14:13, a mythic mountain of the Babylonians,” regarded by them as the seat of the gods. It was situated in the “far north, and in Babylonian inscriptions is described as a” “mountain called Im-Kharasak, “the mighty mountain of Bel, whose” “head reaches heaven, whose root is the holy deep.” In their” geography they are said to have identified it with mount “El-wend, near Ecbatana.”

“(Josh. 13:19), a district in the east of Jordan, in the” “territory of Reuben. The “valley” here was probably the Ghor or” “valley of the Jordan, and hence the “mount” would be the hilly” region in the north end of the Dead Sea. (See ZARETH-SHAHAR.)

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