“(1.) Heb. rosh (Hos. 10:4; rendered “gall” in Deut. 29:18;” “32:32; Ps. 69:21; Jer. 9:15; 23:15; “poison,” Job 20:16;” “venom, Deut. 32:33). “Rosh is the name of some poisonous plant” “which grows quickly and luxuriantly; of a bitter taste, and” therefore coupled with wormwood (Deut. 29:18; Lam. 3:19). Hence “it would seem to be not the hemlock cicuta, nor the colocynth or” “wild gourd, nor lolium darnel, but the poppy so called from its” “heads” (Gesenius, Lex.).” “(2.) Heb. la’anah, generally rendered “wormwood” (q.v.), Deut. “29:18, Text 17; Prov. 5:4; Jer. 9:15; 23:15. Once it is rendered” “hemlock (Amos 6:12; R.V., “wormwood”). This Hebrew word is” “from a root meaning “to curse,” hence the accursed.”

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