“Stones were commonly used for buildings, also as memorials of” “important events (Gen. 28:18; Josh. 24:26, 27; 1 Sam. 7:12,” etc.). They were gathered out of cultivated fields (Isa. 5:2; comp. 2 Kings 3:19). This word is also used figuratively of “believers (1 Pet. 2:4, 5), and of the Messiah (Ps. 118:22; Isa.” “28:16; Matt. 21:42; Acts 4:11, etc.). In Dan. 2:45 it refers” “also to the Messiah. He is there described as “cut out of the” “mountain.” (See [611]ROCK.)” “A “heart of stone” denotes great insensibility (1 Sam. 25:37). “Stones were set up to commemorate remarkable events, as by Jacob “at Bethel (Gen. 28:18), at Padan-aram (35:4), and on the” occasion of parting with Laban (31:45-47); by Joshua at the “place on the banks of the Jordan where the people first “lodged” “after crossing the river (Josh. 6:8), and also in “the midst of” “Jordan,” where he erected another set of twelve stones (4:1-9);” “and by Samuel at “Ebenezer” (1 Sam. 7:12).”

Frequently referred to (1 Kings 10:2; 2 Chr. 3:6; 9:10; Rev. 18:16; 21:19). There are about twenty different names of such stones in the Bible. They are figuratively introduced to denote “value, beauty, durability (Cant. 5:14; Isa 54:11, 12; Lam. 4:7).

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